Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2008 12:40:31 -0400
Reply-To: Evan Davies <esdav2@WM.EDU>
Sender: "SAS(r) Discussion" <SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From: Evan Davies <esdav2@WM.EDU>
Subject: closing dataset opened in a macro
I have created a macro that puts the name of a variable into a dataset
alongside a value of that variable. In the macro, I call the varname and
varnum sysfunctions, which in turn call the %sysfunc open function to open
the dataset so they can see the variable name and dsn id number.
Submitted as a batch job, all is well. But as I'm developing and submitting
portions of the program interactively, I find that I can not re-open or
re-run data steps or proc sql statement for any datasets that the macro has
ERROR: You cannot open WORK.ADDRESSC.DATA for output access with
member-level control because WORK.ADDRESSC.DATA is in
use by you in resource environment DMS Process.
Yes, the macro call has left the data set 'open'. The documentation says to
use the CLOSE function, but I haven't been able to get the syntax right,
especially where to put the 'close' statement.
At the end, but inside, the macro?
The documentation also says that "If you open a data set within a DATA step,
it will be closed automatically when the DATA step ends." This must not
apply to macro calls within datasteps?
Much appreciation will be given to anyone who can give me the correct syntax
to close my dataset so that I can open them again in the same SAS session.
%macro pass (aval=,bval=,cval=,dsn=,anom=,studyterm=,suspend_date=,data_own=) ;
aval = &aval;
aval_desc = "%sysfunc(varname( %sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)) ,
%sysfunc(varnum(%sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)),&aval) )) )";;
bval = &bval;
bval_desc = "%sysfunc(varname( %sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)) ,
%sysfunc(varnum(%sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)),&bval) )) )";
cval = &cval;
cval_desc = "%sysfunc(varname( %sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)) ,
%sysfunc(varnum(%sysfunc(open(&dsn,i)),&cval) )) )";
A typical call made to the macro: (Note that PERSON is the dataset name,
also being passed as parameter)
*test5 - ssn out of range;
if tax_id ^= '' then
if substr(tax_id,6,4) = '0000' or substr(tax_id,1,3) < '001'
or substr(tax_id,4,2) = '00' or substr(tax_id,1,3) > &highestssn then
%pass(aval=tax_id, bval=full_name_lfmi, cval='', dsn=person,
if anom > 0;
What I think I need:
Some form of:
Where does this go? What is the correct syntax? Do I have to issue it six
times, since the open call occurs six times? And to get data-set-id, don't I
have to issue another open command?