|Date: ||Sun, 14 Mar 2004 06:20:16 -0500|
|Reply-To: ||Conchologists of America List <CONCH-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>|
|Sender: ||Conchologists of America List <CONCH-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>|
|From: ||"Harry G. Lee" <shells@HGLEE.COM>|
|Subject: ||Re: green scaphopods|
Although the application of Antalis (a feminine noun, Henk; emended below)
has often been haphazard, I don't agree that it is "undefined and should
not be in use."
Various authors attribute the genus-level name Antalis to H. and A. Adams
(vol. I, p. 456-7, July, 1854) although the Adamses cited Androvandus
[1642; non-binominal] as the author. The only other scaphopod genus
discussed in "The genera" was Dentalium Linnaeus . The Adamses
distinguished the two by the presence of a "notch-like fissure on the
dorsal or posterior margin" and the "smooth or longitudinally-striated"
shell surface of Antalis. Dentalium had its posterior perforation "entire,
without any fissure or emargination."
The brothers Adams designated a type for the Linnaean genus, Dentalium
vulgare, and listed 29 more species. According to all accounts I've
consulted, beginning with Pilsbry (1897), the type of Dentalium is D.
elephantinum Linnaeus, but the basis for this assignment is not clear to me
Antalis H. and A. Adams was exemplified by two taxa: A. semistriolata
Guilding  and A. entalis Linnaeus ; 14 other species were
iterated by the brothers. Until Pilsbry and Sharp (1897; pp. 37-39)
restricted the type to A. entalis Linnaeus, 1758, there was some confusion
as to the identity of this generic unit.
Per recent recommendation from our archivist, I have tried to avoid
enriched text in this communication; does anyone mind?
Adams, H. and A. Adams, 1853-1858. The genera of Recent Mollusca arranged
according to their organization John van Voorst, London. [published in 35
parts] vol 1: xl+ 1-484; vol. 2: pp. 1-661 [incl. account of publication
dates on p. 661]; vol. 3: (i) + 138 pls.
Henderson, J. B., 1920. A monograph of the eastern American scaphopod
mollusks. U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 111: 1-177 incl. 20 pls.
Pilsbry, H.A. and B. Sharp, 1897-8. Manual of conchology; structural and
systematic with illustrations of the species vol.17 (second series).
A.N.S.P., Philadelphia. 1-348 + 48 plates.
At 04:55 AM 3/14/2004, you wrote (edited by HGL):
>>Dentalium elephantinum Linnaeus, 1758
>>Dentalium aprinum Linnaeus, 1767
>>Dentalium exmouthensis Lamprell & Healy, 1998
>>Dentalium grahami Lamprell & Healy, 1998
>>Dentalium jelli Lamprell & Healy, 1998
>>Antalis taphria (Dall, 1889)
>I must point out that Antalis is undefined and should not be in use.
>Therefore it should be regarded as a synonym of Dentalium.
Harry G. Lee
1801 Barrs St.
Jacksonville, FL 32204
Visit the Jacksonville Shell Club Home Page at:
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